Digital Single Lens Reflex cameras have been around for around 20 years. They allow different lenses and accessories to be attached, and photographers can change a myriad of settings dependent on how – and what – they are shooting.
Recently mirrorless cameras have come on leaps and bounds, with even more advantages. Essentially the same as DSLR cameras (but without the mirror), mirrorless cameras can shoot in silence, and can preview the amendment of settings in the viewfinder before the photographer even presses the shutter button.
I have recently moved from DSLR to mirrorless after 15 years, and I will never go back.
Advantages: You can achieve anything with these cameras, if you only know how to use them. Users can change how long a photo lasts, how much is in focus, how the camera sees colour and many more settings. Different lenses allow for close ups, or can zoom into an area without losing quality. Studio flashes can also be linked to the camera to build your own perfect lighting set up (more on that later). Master the tool and you will never have to hire a photographer again. You may even be able to start charging fellow artists for your services.
Disadvantages: A new, decent camera can be expensive, as can all the lenses and accessories. Then, you really need to learn how to actually use it, or your photos can end up looking rather terrible or weird
If you want to take photography without compromise, DSLR/mirrorless is the only way to go. They are built from the ground up to take the very best photos.
If you are wondering what lens to use for your camera, it really depends on what camera you own. Prime lenses (lenses that do not zoom) generally give the best sharpness, but they need to be the right focal length for the space you are working in, and the artwork you are photographing. A 35mm lens is generally a good focal length, as it is usually wide enough to get the entire artwork in one shot, without distorting the edges, but even a kit lens can give decent results
If you are unsure which camera/lens to use for your requirements, please leave me a comment underneath.